African Journal of Emerging Issues <p><strong>African Journal of Emerging Issues - </strong>is scholarly, open access, peer reviewed, double blind, interdisciplinary, and fully refereed journal focusing on theories, methods and applications in medicine, Engineering, Technology and Applied sciences.</p> <p>The Editorial Board is very committed to build the Journal as one of the leading African Journals of Emerging issues in the next few years to come. The Journal's reputation will be enhanced from arrangements with several organizers of international conferences in publishing selected best papers of the conference proceedings.&nbsp;</p> <div><strong>Aim</strong></div> <p align="justify"><strong>African Journal of Emerging Issues(AJOEI)</strong> is aimed to provide a highly readable and valuable addition to the literature, which will serve as an indispensable reference tool for years to come and provide a medium through which scholars and researchers all over the world publish their scholarly applied and fundamental research works including all new theoretical and experimental findings.</p> <div><strong>Scope</strong></div> <p align="justify">The coverage of the Journal publishes research articles and encourages the submission of critical review articles covering advances in recent research of such fields as well as technical notes. AJOEI will continue to provide information on the latest emerging trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject.</p> <hr align="JUSTIFY"> <div><strong>Submission</strong>:</div> <p>Authors are requested to submit their papers electronically through the<br><a href="">ONLINE SUBMISSION CENTRE </a>Or As Email attachment to <a href=""></a></p> African Journal of Emerging Issues en-US African Journal of Emerging Issues 2663-9335 ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF AGRICULTURE ON ECONOMIC GROWTH IN BRAZIL <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Purpose of the study:</strong> The study analyzed the impact of agriculture on economic growth in Brazil.</p> <p><strong>Research methodology:</strong> The study was literature-based. The conclusion and recommendations were based on the findings from the previous studies.</p> <p><strong>Findings:</strong> <a name="_Toc8219873"></a><a name="_Toc8218284"></a><a name="_Toc8216906"></a><a name="_Toc8150438"></a><a name="_Toc10208223"></a><a name="_Toc34414079"></a><a name="_Toc78482973"></a>The study discovered that agriculture has a positive impact on economic growth in Brazil. Farming is the central pillar of the economy, primarily for developing nations. It is a key source of job creation, revenue and food. Brazil is the world's biggest coffee, beef, ethanol, and soybean producer. Brazilian agricultural value addition has grown within the last 20 years, with farming yield and livestock increasing. Brazil still has untapped potential in farming production and profession.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The study concluded that agricultural activities are critical in enhancing economic growth. Agricultural development is one of the most powerful tools to end extreme poverty, boost shared prosperity and feed people. Growth in the agriculture sector is two to four times more effective in raising incomes among the poorest than in other sectors. Furthermore, the study concluded that the combined tasks of Brazilian farmers, government support, farming and macroeconomic policies had enhanced the crop advancement and positive modifications to factors underlying manufacturing and marketing prices.</p> <p><strong>Recommendations:</strong> The study recommended that agriculture policies in Brazil be put in place to encourage farmers to increase their production. Subsidized farm inputs such as fertilizers, pesticides and machinery should be supplied. Moreover, smart water management should be promoted. Water is an essential need for planting crops, and by the management of water can enhance the production. Moreover, farmers need to be sensitized on the best crops to be planted that will yield more output. Further, there is the need of promotion of the production of quality products that will compete in the global market.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong><em>Agriculture, economic growth, Brazil</em></p> Franco Cruz Constanza Luiz Pazos Pereira Esteves Valdes Silva Copyright (c) 2022 African Journal of Emerging Issues 2022-06-03 2022-06-03 4 6 1 13 EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION AND PERFORMANCE OF MANUFACTURING FIRMS IN MALAYSIA <p><strong>Purpose of the study:</strong> The purpose of the study was to examine the impact of employee motivation on performance of manufacturing firms in Malaysia.</p> <p><strong>Statement of the problem: </strong>The performance of some of the manufacturing firms in Malaysia has been reporting losses. In 2018, the overall performance of the manufacturing firms declined by 10% and in 2019, it further declined by 11.7% and 14.1% in 2020. The persistent decrease in performance is a concern that needs to be addressed, given that the country's manufacturing sector contributes to around 19.7% of the GDP annually.</p> <p><strong>Findings:</strong> <a name="_Toc8219873"></a><a name="_Toc8218284"></a><a name="_Toc8216906"></a><a name="_Toc8150438"></a><a name="_Toc10208223"></a><a name="_Toc34414079"></a><a name="_Toc78482973"></a>&nbsp;Motivation plays a vital role in improving staff's efficiency and effectiveness. There are two types of motivation extrinsic and intrinsic. Extrinsic or external motivational can include income, bonus offer, reward, good working environment while intrinsic or internal motivation is the act of doing something without anticipating anything in return. The motivation of the employees can increase their commitment and feel to be part and parcel of the organization.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The motivated workers have a positive effect on organizational performance. Recognizing what motivates workers in a particular firm is essential because it aids in decision-making. It becomes imperative for the organization to keep the employees motivated if they want to achieve tremendous success and be competitive. The organization cannot meet its objectives and goals if the organization's employees feel not to be motivated.</p> <p><strong>Recommendations:</strong> The management should better recognize and concentrate on their workers' motivation factors to increase productivity. Managers of the manufacturing firms should determine the proper motivation strategy for their firm before proceeding with the motivation approaches. Policies and methods that positively promote worker motivation need to be considered by the firms. Firms are expected to develop a safe and cooperative environment for workers.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> <em>Employee motivation, performance, manufacturing firms, Malaysia</em></p> Ali Mokhtar Mehran Izah Tahir Mohamad Mustafa Hassan Mohd Copyright (c) 2022 African Journal of Emerging Issues 2022-06-04 2022-06-04 4 6 14 23 EFFECT OF MARKET ORIENTATION ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EXPORT STRATEGY AND PERFORMANCE OF LARGE EXPORT MANUFACTURING FIRMS IN KENYA <p><strong>Objective of the study:</strong> The objective of the study was to establish the effect of market orientation on the relationship between export strategy and performance of large export manufacturing enterprises in Kenya.</p> <p><strong>Research Methodology:</strong> The target population was 60 large Kenyan export manufacturing firms which formed the unit of analysis. A questionnaire was used to collect the primary data. Respondents were the company chief executive officer and the head of marketing from each of the firms under study. An average response rate of 96.55% was achieved. The research which adopted both inferential and descriptive statistics used statistical package for social sciences to perform regression and correlation analysis.</p> <p><strong>Results and findings:</strong> The results showed that the influence of export strategy on performance of large export manufacturing firms is partially mediated by market orientation.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion and Recommendations:</strong> The study concluded that market orientation predicts both export strategy and success of large export manufacturing businesses. The link between export strategy and performance of large export manufacturing companies is not fully but partially mediated by market orientation. The study recommends that the large export manufacturing firms’ management prioritize their customer relations by investing more in innovation to produce more products which incorporate customers’ preferences and tastes. Investment in ensuring that firms are committed to exporting, that they stress the significance of export market orientation in their unit and across the units, and that the firm's training systems support export market oriented activities are all factors to consider for firms seeking to develop their export market orientation.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> <em>Market Orientation, Export Strategy, Performance &amp; Large Export Manufacturing Firms</em></p> Haron Komen Chebet Martin Ogutu Winnie Njeru James Njihia Copyright (c) 2022 African Journal of Emerging Issues 2022-06-04 2022-06-04 4 6 24 43 REVERSE LOGISTICS PRODUCT DISPOSITION PRACTICE AND THE PERFORMANCE OF LARGE MANUFACTURING FIRMS IN KENYA <p><strong>Background:</strong> In a world of scarce resources and disposal capacities, recovery of used products and materials is key to supporting a growing population at an increasing level of consumption. Globally there are pressures on organizations to act responsibly in terms of protection of the environment and create value for all stakeholders. Even though reverse logistics has gained a lot of relevance in most organizations very little research has been conducted on the subject. As a result, there is a great opportunity for researchers and academicians to advance the study of reverse logistics in order to fill this gap.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> This study sought to examine the influence of reverse logistics product disposition practice on the performance of large manufacturing firms in Kenya. The study used descriptive design and target population was large manufacturing firms which are registered with Kenya Association of Manufacturers. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Pearson correlation coefficient for the output indicated that product disposition practice was able to explain 43.6% variations in the firm performance.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions and Recommendations:</strong> The study concluded that there was a significant positive relationship between product disposition practice and firm performance. The study recommended that product disposition practice be implemented by manufacturing firms as a way of boosting firm performance. The paper’s findings may motivate local manufacturing firms to implement disposition practices when supported by innovative, suitable tools for the proper management of the information and material flow in the chain.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong><em>Supply Chain Management, Reverse Logistics, Product Disposition, Manufacturing Firms.</em></p> Felix Kamanga Patrick Ngugi Anthony Osoro Copyright (c) 2022 African Journal of Emerging Issues 2022-06-06 2022-06-06 4 6 44 54 SOCIAL SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR CHILDREN WITH AUTISM IN MANDAUE CITY, PHILIPPINES <p><strong>Background:</strong> Social support has been found to be a major component of adaptive coping in parents of a child with ASD or an intellectual disability. Child ASD characteristics, especially their cognitive limitations and the long-term dependency that ensues, have been associated with mothers’ urge to seek social support. Moreover, mothers of a child with ASD who reported being under greater stress have reported being more inclined to pursue social support. Most parents in this study sought knowledge from the internet in regards to their child's condition rather than consulting the doctors that give the diagnosis to know more about the diagnosis.</p> <p><strong>Findings:</strong> This indicated that no relationships were formed between the health care providers and the clients. This study reinforces the need for more support for parents with a child with autism especially during the diagnosis and throughout visits to mental institutions when seeking therapy. Autism is a lifetime disorder that warrants lifetime intervention because change is continual. Lack of knowledge and understanding about autism, parents' attitudes on the disorder and misdiagnosis</p> <p><strong>Recommendations:</strong> This research has indicated that strong family support system leads to positive coping; therefore nurses should offer continual support for parents with a child with autism when they visit any health care facility, this will help prevent anger build-up in parents protecting the child with autism from child abuse.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> <em>Social Support System, Children, Autism, Mandaue City</em>, <em>Philippines</em></p> Valerie Chepngetich Rose Rotich Chepketer Ng'eno Copyright (c) 2022 African Journal of Emerging Issues 2022-06-14 2022-06-14 4 6 55 63 INFLUENCE OF NUTRITION ON QUALITY OF PRE-PRIMARY IN TURKANA CENTRAL SUB-COUNTY, TURKANA COUNTY, KENYA <p><strong>Statement of the Problem: </strong>Nurturing care plays an important role in enhancing the quality of pre-primary school education. However, in Turkana Central Sub-county, the quality of pre-primary school education is a challenge. Many pre-primary school learners manifest low basic numeracy, language and creativity skills.</p> <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>This study assessed the influence of nutrition on the quality of pre-primary school education in Turkana Central Sub-county, Turkana County, Kenya. The study was guided by the motivational theory and theory of all-round educational quality.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>A mixed methodology was applied and the concurrent triangulation design. Data analysis began by identifying common themes from the respondents’ descriptions of their experiences. Qualitative data were analyzed thematically along the objectives and presented in narrative forms. Quantitative data were analyzed descriptively using frequencies and percentages and inferentially using Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation Analysis with the use of Statistical Packages for Social Science (SPSS Version 23) and presented using tables.</p> <p><strong>Findings: </strong>The study established that nutrition practices and provision of opportunities for early education improve the quality of education.</p> <p><strong>Unique Contribution to Theory, Policy and Practice: </strong>Thus, the study recommends that the government should partner with stakeholders in pre-primary school education and other donors to provide resources such that there is a guarantee of supply of food ration to learners.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> <em>Nutrition, Quality of Pre-Primary Education.</em></p> Joyce Chebet Hannah Kangara Githinji Wanjohi Copyright (c) 2022 African Journal of Emerging Issues 2022-06-15 2022-06-15 4 6 64 77