African Journal of Emerging Issues <p><strong>African Journal of Emerging Issues - </strong>is scholarly, open access, peer reviewed, double blind, interdisciplinary, and fully refereed journal focusing on theories, methods and applications in medicine, Engineering, Technology and Applied sciences.</p> <p>The Editorial Board is very committed to build the Journal as one of the leading African Journals of Emerging issues in the next few years to come. The Journal's reputation will be enhanced from arrangements with several organizers of international conferences in publishing selected best papers of the conference proceedings.&nbsp;</p> <div><strong>Aim</strong></div> <p align="justify"><strong>African Journal of Emerging Issues(AJOEI)</strong> is aimed to provide a highly readable and valuable addition to the literature, which will serve as an indispensable reference tool for years to come and provide a medium through which scholars and researchers all over the world publish their scholarly applied and fundamental research works including all new theoretical and experimental findings.</p> <div><strong>Scope</strong></div> <p align="justify">The coverage of the Journal publishes research articles and encourages the submission of critical review articles covering advances in recent research of such fields as well as technical notes. AJOEI will continue to provide information on the latest emerging trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject.</p> <hr align="JUSTIFY"> <div><strong>Submission</strong>:</div> <p>Authors are requested to submit their papers electronically through the<br><a href="">ONLINE SUBMISSION CENTRE </a>Or As Email attachment to <a href=""></a></p> African Journal of Emerging Issues en-US African Journal of Emerging Issues 2663-9335 BORDER DISPUTE RESOLUTION MECHANISMS AMONG SOUTHERN AFRICA COUTRIES: CASE STUDY OF NAMIBIA, ANGOLA AND SOUTH AFRICA <p>Africa’s borders are bestride with many challenges ranging from religious and terrorist movements to cattle rustling, military conflicts to human trafficking. The challenges are endless, but whether the boundary disputes are terrestrial or maritime, they are mostly about security and prestige. The African continent is characterized by lots of maritime boundary disputes and unless these are resolved through negotiation or other diplomatic measures and acceptable means, it will jeopardize the continent’s short and long term implementation of maritime policies and strategies. Currently, close to 100 active border disputes exist&nbsp;<a href="">across the continent</a>. Rising nationalism, population and environmental pressures mean that the situation is likely to get worse. Unless, that is, an army of indigenous peace practitioners work closely with available pan-Africanist leaders and statesmen to douse and resolve tensions. Namibian exploitation of the Okavango River has been a source of disagreement with Botswana. Unresolved boundaries afflict portions of the Namibia, Zimbabwe and Zambia borders. Borderlands where mineral resources are being explored or exploited are experiencing increasingly frequent disputes over land claims, delimitation disputes, lawlessness, security alerts, and bitter political exchanges between governments. In theory, boundary tensions could be addressed through various indigenous mechanisms. These include the elders and the use of peace radios and peace newspapers &nbsp;As regards Angola’s relationship with Namibia, it has always been one of peace, nonetheless it needs to be noted that peacemaking is necessitated by conflict. Although economic ties have existed between Angola and Namibia, it does not mean a lack of communication about inherent corruption, illegal deals and other inconvenient events. . In spite of recognition that the colonial boundaries are not viable in their current state, the continent’s governing elite has elected and stuck to a policy of territorial status quo, partly because of a legitimate concern that any attempt to review the boundaries will lead to anarchy. Although Africa’s governing elite has remained faithful to its policy of territorial status quo, strong lateral and vertical pressures appear to be forcing a re-orientation in the approach to the management of state boundaries.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> <em>Border, Dispute, Resolution, Mechanisms, Southern, Africa, Namibia, Angola, South Africa</em></p> Alyssa Petrus Amupanda Copyright (c) 2021 African Journal of Emerging Issues 2021-09-20 2021-09-20 3 7 1 13 IMPACT OF AGRICULTURAL PROJECTS ON ECONOMIC GROWTH IN EGYPT <p><strong>Purpose of the study: </strong>The purpose of the study was to examine the impact of agricultural projects on economic growth in Egypt</p> <p><strong>Statement of the problem:</strong> The Egyptian economy has commonly depended dramatically on agriculture as a source of growth and support for the non-agricultural sectors of the economy. Agriculture is a vital element of the Egyptian economy because it provides livelihoods for about 55% of the population, mainly in rural areas. However, agricultural production has dropped drastically in the past three years, which formed the study's motive.</p> <p><strong>Research Methodology:</strong> The study was literature-based. The inferences were made based on the verdicts from the preceding studies.</p> <p><strong>Research Findings: </strong>The study discovered that irrigation and agricultural productivity are key drivers of Egypt's economic growth. The agricultural outputs supply the industries with the raw materials. Moreover, it was found the sector employs more than 57% of the total population in the country. It was established that agriculture is key to the economy, contributing 37 percent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and another 41 percent of GDP indirectly through linkages with other sectors.&nbsp; Moreover, it was established that agriculture is also a market for industrial goods such as machinery, equipment and fertilizers used in the farming process.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The study concluded that irrigation and agricultural productivity is one of critical drivers of economic growth in Egypt. The study also concluded that the major source of water for irrigation is from River Nile. The agriculture sector creates employment and contributes significantly to the country's GDP</p> <p><strong>Recommendations:</strong> The study recommended that the government should ensure there is a continuous supply of water from the River Nile for irrigation. Moreover, it was recommended that there be other water sources if the supply of water from the River Nile decreases. The suggested sources of water include digging plenty of boreholes in the country. The government and other stakeholders should put strategies that will enhance the performance of such training on the most profitable products. The government should also offer subsidies to the farmers.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> <em>Irrigation, Agricultural productivity, Economic growth, Egypt</em></p> Fuglie Dhehibi Mohammed Hassan Osman Copyright (c) 2021 African Journal of Emerging Issues 2021-09-20 2021-09-20 3 7 14 23 LEADERSHIP STYLES AND EMPLOYEE JOB SATISFACTION IN THE FIVE STAR HOTELS IN KENYA: A CASE OF BOMA HOTEL IN NAIROBI <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> This research focused on effect of leadership styles on employee job satisfaction in the Five Star Hotels; A case of Boma Hotel, Nairobi.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> The research study used the descriptive research design. Main data collection instrument was a structured questionnaire which was used to collect data on the various leadership styles such as transformational, transactional, democratic and autocratic on employee job satisfaction. To accomplish this, the research study focused on Boma Hotel in Nairobi with a target population of 50 employees. The study adopted a census sampling method and the questionnaires issued electronically to the top, middle and bottom level management. The instrument’s reliability was tested using Cronbach Alpha of 0.7 at 95% of confidence level. Collected data was coded for ease of analysis using the SPSS computer package version 23 to generate both inferential and descriptive statistics. The inferential statistics was performed by undertaking a regression analysis on the dependent variable (job satisfaction) and independent variables (transformational, transactional, democratic and autocratic) to make inference.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The study established a positive and statistically significant association between leadership styles and employee job satisfaction as demonstrated by a p value of 0.010, which was less than the conventional 0.05. The findings show the dominance of the autocratic leadership style in the hotel.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions and Recommendations:</strong> The study concludes from the results that most organizational functions are inclined to improving hotel performance with little regard to employee welfare. The major recommendations are that hotels should consider involving the employees in decision making to create some form of ownership and subsequently trigger commitment towards attainment of organizational goals.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong><em> hospitality industry, job satisfaction, Leadership styles</em></p> Ismail Ahmed Mohamed Emanuel Awuor Copyright (c) 2021 African Journal of Emerging Issues 2021-09-21 2021-09-21 3 7 24 34