African Journal of Emerging Issues <p><strong>African Journal of Emerging Issues - </strong>is scholarly, open access, peer reviewed, double blind, interdisciplinary, and fully refereed journal focusing on theories, methods and applications in medicine, Engineering, Technology and Applied sciences.</p> <p>The Editorial Board is very committed to build the Journal as one of the leading African Journals of Emerging issues in the next few years to come. The Journal's reputation will be enhanced from arrangements with several organizers of international conferences in publishing selected best papers of the conference proceedings.&nbsp;</p> <div><strong>Aim</strong></div> <p align="justify"><strong>African Journal of Emerging Issues(AJOEI)</strong> is aimed to provide a highly readable and valuable addition to the literature, which will serve as an indispensable reference tool for years to come and provide a medium through which scholars and researchers all over the world publish their scholarly applied and fundamental research works including all new theoretical and experimental findings.</p> <div><strong>Scope</strong></div> <p align="justify">The coverage of the Journal publishes research articles and encourages the submission of critical review articles covering advances in recent research of such fields as well as technical notes. AJOEI will continue to provide information on the latest emerging trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject.</p> <hr align="JUSTIFY"> <div><strong>Submission</strong>:</div> <p>Authors are requested to submit their papers electronically through the<br><a href="">ONLINE SUBMISSION CENTRE </a>Or As Email attachment to <a href=""></a></p> African Journal of Emerging Issues en-US African Journal of Emerging Issues 2663-9335 ENTREPRENEURIAL STRATEGIES AND SUSTAINABILITY OF FAITH BASED ENTERPRISES IN NYERI CATHOLIC ARCHDIOCESE <p><strong>Purpose of the Study:</strong> The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between entrepreneurial strategies and sustainability of faith-based enterprises in Kenya with reference to Nyeri catholic Archdiocese.</p> <p><strong>Statement of the Problem:</strong> Despite the continuous efforts by FBEs in Kenya to eradicate poverty, improve people’s health, protect the environment and continue with their promotion of works towards sustainable development, they are faced with myriad challenges that affect their overall sustainability approach. Very few local FBEs have strong financial, monitoring and evaluation systems. These occur as a result of the lack of skilled personnel, poor management, over-dependence, and poor financial control practices.</p> <p><strong>Research Methodology:</strong> The study targeted all the 22 enterprises in the Archdiocese of Nyeri. The units of analysis were human resource managers and assistant human resource managers in those faith based enterprises. The study purposively selected a sample size of 44 respondents. The questionnaire was the key data collection instrument used and the data collected was analyzed using quantitative approach. For the quantitative data, descriptive and inferential statistics were used.</p> <p><strong>Result:</strong> The study found that the four predictor variables (cost leadership strategy, innovation/creativity, revenue diversification and financial management practices) explained 72.5% of the variation in sustainability of faith based enterprises in Nyeri Catholic Archdiocese. The findings also revealed that cost leadership strategy, innovation/creativity, revenue diversification and financial management practices were satisfactory variables in explaining the sustainability of faith based enterprises in Nyeri catholic archdiocese. The study established that there existed positive and significant relationship between; cost leadership and sustainability (β =.252, p=0.018), innovation/creativity and sustainability (β =.163, p=0.001), revenue diversification and sustainability (β =.620 p=0.000), financial management practices and sustainability of faith based enterprise in Nyeri catholic archdiocese (β =.540 p=0.023).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The study concluded that most of the faith based enterprises in Nyeri Catholic Archdiocese have adopted entrepreneurial strategies to a great extent and the adoption has enabled most of the enterprises to improve on their profits, increase market share, improve on their sustainability, create more capital for business growth and reduce competition from the market place.</p> <p><strong>Recommendation:</strong> The study recommended that the faith based enterprises in Catholic Archdiocese of Nyeri should research on and implement entrepreneurial strategies that will enable them to price their products/services more competitively than rivals for them to increase their client base hence achieve sustainability.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> <em>Entrepreneurial, Strategies, Sustainability, Faith Based, Enterprises, Catholic Archdiocese</em></p> John Gitumbi Paul Mathenge Anne Kiboi Copyright (c) 2021 African Journal of Emerging Issues 2021-01-08 2021-01-08 3 1 1 24 MANAGEMENT SCIENCE TOOLS AND OPERATIONAL EFFICIENCY OF PUBLIC UNIVERSITIES IN KENYA <p><strong>Purpose of the Study: </strong>The University landscape in Kenya has experienced increased enrollment and demand for academic output amid diminishing resources prompting operational adjustment towards efficiency. Adoption of management science tools has been proposed as a remedy. However, the concept faces a number of challenges including lack of clear understanding of the dimensions and indicators for measurement of operational efficiency in the University context.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Statement of the Problem:</strong> According to World Bank report 2019 on Improving Higher Education Performance in Kenya, 2017/18 global competitiveness index identified fundamental gaps in the quality of graduates transiting from Kenyan universities evidenced by insufficient capacity to innovate, poor work ethics, and an inadequately educated workforce as some of the most challenging factors for doing business in Kenya.</p> <p><strong>Research Methodology: </strong>This study undertook a systematic review of existing theoretical and empirical literature on management science tools, organization capability, organization context and efficiency. The relevant theories and constructs to the study were examined, operational indicators identified and both theoretical and conceptual gaps identified.</p> <p><strong>Result:</strong> Existing literature pointed to successful application of management science tools in efficient management of organizations in other industry though not much research exists in universities.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>This paper makes theoretical contributions in management science through inclusion of moderating variable, organization context and mediating variable, organization capability in development of a proposed theoretical model that seeks to guide future studies examining the effect of management science tools on operational efficiency<strong>. </strong></p> <p><strong>Recommendations: </strong>This paper recommended an empirical study using the proposed theoretical model in order to establish the relationship between the variables in order to contribute to the body of knowledge on the concept of operational efficiency.</p> <p><strong>Key Words: </strong><em>Management science tools, organization capability, operational efficiency, organization context</em></p> Peter Olingo Osumba Paul K. Sang Copyright (c) 2021 African Journal of Emerging Issues 2021-01-13 2021-01-13 3 1 25 42