African Journal of Emerging Issues <p><strong>African Journal of Emerging Issues - </strong>is scholarly, open access, peer reviewed, double blind, interdisciplinary, and fully refereed journal focusing on theories, methods and applications in medicine, Engineering, Technology and Applied sciences.</p> <p>The Editorial Board is very committed to build the Journal as one of the leading African Journals of Emerging issues in the next few years to come. The Journal's reputation will be enhanced from arrangements with several organizers of international conferences in publishing selected best papers of the conference proceedings.&nbsp;</p> <div><strong>Aim</strong></div> <p align="justify"><strong>African Journal of Emerging Issues(AJOEI)</strong> is aimed to provide a highly readable and valuable addition to the literature, which will serve as an indispensable reference tool for years to come and provide a medium through which scholars and researchers all over the world publish their scholarly applied and fundamental research works including all new theoretical and experimental findings.</p> <div><strong>Scope</strong></div> <p align="justify">The coverage of the Journal publishes research articles and encourages the submission of critical review articles covering advances in recent research of such fields as well as technical notes. AJOEI will continue to provide information on the latest emerging trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject.</p> <hr align="JUSTIFY"> <div><strong>Submission</strong>:</div> <p>Authors are requested to submit their papers electronically through the<br><a href="">ONLINE SUBMISSION CENTRE </a>Or As Email attachment to <a href=""></a></p> en-US (Principal Editor) Thu, 18 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 RAMIFICATIONS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON PASTORALISM IN KAJIADO SOUTH SUB-COUNTY <p><strong>Purpose of the Study:</strong> The main aim of this study was to investigate the ramifications of climate change on pastoralism in Kajiado South sub-county. Specifically this study investigated the influence of adaptation strategies used by local pastoral communities and climate change impact on increase on pastoralists’ socio-economic vulnerabilities in Kajiado South Sub County.</p> <p><strong>Statement of the Problem:</strong> Different climate issues such as prolonged droughts have resulted to reduced precipitation which has equally led to the adaptation strategies to mitigate the impact of drought.</p> <p><strong>Research Methodology:</strong> The study adopted a descriptive survey research design. Research target population was; Staff at Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries Department, County Assembly of Kajiado Staff and Managers working for Civil Society Organizations<strong> (</strong>CSOs). The sample size was of 23 Staff at Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries Department, 42 County Assembly of Kajiado Staff and 40 Managers working for CSOs that were singled out to participate in the study. Stratified and simple random sampling techniques were applied to single out sampled subjects. Questionnaires were employed in the gathering of data from all the study’s sampled subjects in the study area. Data was analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively making use of SPSS version 20.0.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Based on study findings demonstrated that local pastoral communities had engaged in community financial rotating cooperatives as an adaptation strategy to address impact of climate change to their pastoral activities in Kajiado South Sub County shown by 53.4% (Mean=3.99). In addition, the study findings revealed that a substantive number of the sampled subjects as illustrated by 55.8% (Mean=3.95) disagreed that climate change impact does not increase pastoral socio-economic vulnerabilities in the form of number of pastoralists that have access to food and this does not have an impact on pastoralism in Kajiado South Sub County.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The study concluded that failure to engage in subsistence farming of vegetables and cereals as an adaptation strategy targeting the impact of variability in climate resulted to its continued adverse impact on pastoralism in the study area.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Recommendation:</strong> From the research findings the study recommended that county governments and CSOs should partner in improving community financial rotating cooperatives such as table banking to encourage the adaptation efforts to climate variability of pastoral communities.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> <em>Ramifications, Climate Change, Pastoralism, Adaptations, Strategies, Vulnerabilities</em></p> Nderu Martha Waithira , Dr. Domeniter Naomi Kathula Copyright (c) 2020 African Journal of Emerging Issues Thu, 18 Jun 2020 14:38:18 +0000 INFLUENCE OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP ON GROWTH OF COMMERCIAL REAL ESTATES IN MACHAKOS COUNTY <p><strong>Purpose of the Study:</strong> The purpose of the study was to establish the influence of entrepreneurship on the growth of commercial real estate in Machakos County.</p> <p><strong>Statement of the Problem:</strong>Demand for housing units continues to outstrip the supply; property&nbsp;developers in Kenya have in the recent years considerably scaled down their construction activities, pointing to a struggling&nbsp;property&nbsp;sector. In 2018 the real estate sector in Kenya recorded its slowest annual growth in four years, giving weight to property market reports that signaled a slump in demand despite increased supply of new housing units. Agency theory was used to inform this study.</p> <p><strong>Research Methodology:</strong> The study adopted a cross-sectional survey research design. The target population for this study was made up of 374 registered property developers with Kenya Property Developers Association operating in Machakos County.The study used census approach to study all the 374 registered property developers. Prior to commencement of the actual study, 40 respondents from Kajiado, a neighboring county to Machakos was used in a pilot study to pre-test the research instrument. The researcher triangulated both structured questionnaires and open ended interview guide to gather and saturate data from the respondents. While the interview guides were bent to gather in-depth qualitative data from the real estate agents, the structured questionnaire was used to collect quantitative data from the respondents who develop the real estates. Both quantitative/ numerical data and qualitative/ descriptive data were collected using structured questionnaire and unstructured interview guide respectively. Qualitative data was analyzed using descriptive statistics while quantitative data was analyzed using inferential statistics. Time series was also be utilized in this study. Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS) software was used for higher statistical computations.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The findings revealed a positive and significant relationship between entrepreneurship and the growth of commercial real estate in Machakos County (β =0.329, p=0.000).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> &nbsp;On the basis of the findings, it was concluded the risk-averse investors or those with low risk bearing ability should choose the real estate markets where prices are less volatile, in order to pursue the long-term commercial real estate investment value with a lower risk. The risk-lover investors or those with greater risk tolerance can consider more volatile markets in order to realize the benefit maximization. Investors concern the factors influencing house price fluctuations, such as leverage, investment demand ratio, etc., as these factors change, price volatility could change correspondingly.</p> <p><strong>Recommendation:</strong> The study therefore recommended that real estate property management involves understanding of operating expenses and budgeting; from this information, appropriate rental rates are set balanced by the current market and what it will support in the way of rents. A firm knowledge of the area and competitive rental properties is hence required. The property manager may recommend marketing programs, special promotions and other advertising strategies to the owner in order to maximize occupancy and rental rates.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> <em>Entrepreneurship, Commercial, Real estate, Growth, Machakos, County</em></p> Augustine James Katiti, Dr. Clemence Niyikiza Omanwa, Dr. Gillian Mwaniki , Dr. Naomi James Copyright (c) 2020 African Journal of Emerging Issues Fri, 03 Jul 2020 11:29:09 +0000 MODERATING EFFECT OF SERVICES OUTSOURCED ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MOTIVES OF HUMAN RESOURCE OUTSOURCING AND PERFORMANCE OUTCOMES AMONG MOBILE TELECOMMUNICATION FIRMS IN KENYA <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> Outsourcing is one of the delivery mechanisms adopted by organizations to ensure competitiveness by enabling them invest time, money and human resources into core activities and letting other parties do the other functions more competently on their behalf.&nbsp; This study sought to examine the moderating effect of services outsourced on the relationship between motives human resource outsourcing and performance outcomes among mobile telecommunication firms in Kenya.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> A descriptive survey design of cross-sectional nature of three mobile telecommunication firms was conducted. The target population was all three hundred and twelve (312) managers in three mobile telecommunication firms operating in Kenya. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and logistic regression analysis aided by Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS).</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: The study found that services outsourced partially moderated the relationship between motives of human resource outsourcing and performance outcomes.</p> <p><strong>Policy implication:</strong> The results of this study are significant to all telecommunication firms in Kenya as it will provide valuable information on how services outsourced influence the relationship between motives of human resource outsourcing and performance outcomes.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> <em>Services Outsourced, Motives of Human Resource Outsourcing, Performance Outcomes, Mobile Telecommunication Firms and Kenya</em></p> Pamela Eng’airo Copyright (c) 2020 African Journal of Emerging Issues Tue, 07 Jul 2020 06:23:23 +0000