THE MODERATING EFFECT OF RESOURCE MOBILIZATION IN THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABILITY OF ANGLICAN CHURCH FUNDED PROJECTS IN KENYA
Purpose of the study: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the moderating effect of resource mobilization in the relationship between stakeholder engagement and sustainability of Anglican Church funded projects in Kenya.
Problem Statement: The Anglican Church funded projects in Kenya are facing sustainability challenges in quality assurance from cases of incomplete projects and some of the projects going way above the estimated cost budget. The major projects that have missed the targeted implementation deadline over the last five years have risen by 20 % (ACK, 2018) leading to additional budgets for projects completions. In addition, the cost overruns of the projects have increased by 23% over the period 2012-2017. Further, most of the church funded projects in Mombasa region usually end their operations when funding stops. It is from this information that the study focused on establishing the factors influencing sustainability of church funded projects.
Methodology: The study adopted a cross-sectional research design aimed at collecting large number of quantitative data to establish patterns of value addition in the church projects. The study used positivism philosophy. The study’s respondents were drawn from all the Anglican Churches in Mombasa Region. Yamane (1967) simplified formula was used to obtain the number of church members from the 11 deaneries. Primary data was obtained using self-administered questionnaires. The questionnaire was made up of closed questions relating to the study’s objectives. Descriptive statistics such as percentages, frequencies, mean and standard deviation was used for the quantitative data. Inferential data analysis was done using Pearson correlation coefficient and regression analysis.
Results of the study: The regression of coefficients was done in three steps and results shows that in step one, the regression model of sustainability of projects on stakeholder engagement was significant with β=0.292, p=0.000<0.05) and supported by T Calculated =(1, 411)= 20.799> T Critical (0.05, 411)= 1.658. In step two, the results show that the regression model of stakeholder engagement and resource mobilization on sustainability of projects was significant with (β1=0.250, p=0.000<0.05: β2=0.091, p=0.000<0.05) and supported by T Calculated = (2, 411) = 16.098, 5.560> T Critical (0.05, 411) = 1.658. In step three, the results show that the regression model of Stakeholder Engagement, Resource Mobilization and the interaction term SE*RM on sustainability of projects was significant with (β1=0.194, p=0.0.000<0.05: β2=0.064, p=0.000<0.05: β3=0.092, p=0.000<0.05) and supported by T Calculated =(3, 411)= 10.911, 3.936, 5.876> T Critical (0.05, 411)= 1.658.
The R square for the moderating effect had varying values. The first step for regressing stakeholder engagement against sustainability of projects had 51.3% while the second step of regressing stakeholder engagement and resource mobilization against sustainability of projects had 54.8%. The third step which regressed stakeholder engagement, resource mobilization and the interaction term SE*RM against sustainability of projects had 58.3%. The R squared for model increased from 51.3% to 54.8% and 58.3% after the interaction term and thus we conclude that there is a significant moderating effect of resource mobilization on the relationship between stakeholder engagement and sustainability of Anglican Church funded projects in Kenya. The study establishes that resource mobilization has a significant moderating effect on the relationship between stakeholder engagement and sustainability of Anglican Church funded projects in Kenya.
Conclusion and policy recommendation: The study concluded that the completion of projects was above average for the years 2016, 2017 and 2018 stood at 87%, 84% and 86% respectively. The study recommended for participation of all stakeholders in each phase of the project. The study recommended that organization to prioritize on mobilizing resources. The study recommended for the adoption and application of democratic and transformational leadership practices. The findings will inform policy to policy-making agencies, the church authorities and stakeholders.
Keywords: Resource Mobilization, Stakeholder Engagement, Sustainability, Anglican Church & Kenya
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