• Paul Igweta Tangaza University College
  • Laurent Magesa Tangaza University College
  • Zacharia W. Samita Tangaza University College


Purpose of the study: Governments in Africa have a wealth of indigenous governance systems practiced in rural communities in Kenya.  The indigenous systems that are functioning in Africa are hardly recognized by the existing government. Thus, the study objective is to analyse the similarities and contrasting areas in the two-governance system for transformed governance.   

Research methodology: The study relied upon the existing literature to make inferences concerning the current study.

Findings: Fundamental to this shift is an understanding that indigenous governance exists and is practiced by Meru Community (Njuri -Ncheke). The formal institutions of contemporary governance already accommodate indigenous governance in various forms albeit implicitly. The study anticipates that contemporary indigenous policies are, ultimately, only as strong as the framework of governance that supports them.

Conclusions: The type of governance that existed and how such modes of governance were ultimately controlled by the people and the gods go a long way to show the ontological connection between the societies and the laws that bound them.

Recommendations: The article recommended that there need to be a conceptual shift in how we understand the framework of Contemporary governance (County Government) of Meru and the indigenous governance of Njuri Ncheke. 

Keywords: Contemporary governance, Indigenous governance, Njuri Ncheke, Meru Community Kenya

Author Biographies

Paul Igweta, Tangaza University College

Student, Tangaza University College

Laurent Magesa , Tangaza University College

Lecturer, Tangaza University College

Zacharia W. Samita, Tangaza University College

Lecturer, Tangaza University College


Ahluwalia, P. (2001). Politics and Post–Colonial Theory: African Inflections: London: Routledge.

Akoth, S. O. (2018). Land as culture: Discourse and narratives of land claims in post-colonial Kenya.African Studies. July 2020

Appdorai, A.(2004). The Substance of Politics. New Delhi, India: Oxford University Press.

Aristotle, (2004). The Art of Rhetoric H.C. Lawson-Tancred (Trans,), London, England: Penguin Books.

Aseka, E. M. (2005). Transformational leadership in East Africa. Nairobi: Centre for Basic Research.

Chabal, E. (2016). Capitalism and its critics: Anti-liberalism in Contemporary French politics. In Search of the Liberal Moment New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Clapham, C. (1996). Governmentality and Economic Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa. Third World Quarterly, 17(4), 809-824.

Comaroff, J.L, (1999). Civil Society and the Civil Imagination in Africa, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cowan, M. (2002). Multi-Party Election in Africa. Oxford: James Currey.

Diamond, D. W. (2007). Banks and liquidity creation: a simple exposition of the Diamond-Model. FRB Richmond Economic Quarterly, 93(2), 189-200.

Diamond, L. J., Plattner, M. F., & Fotopoulos, P. J. (Eds). (2010). Debates on democratization. Florida: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Fadiman, J. (1993). When we began there were witch men: an oral history from Mount Kenya. California: University of California Press.

Ferdinand, T. H. (1936). U.S. Patent No. 2,051,061. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

Herbst, J. (2000). Economic incentives, natural resources, and conflict in Africa. Journal of African Economies, 9 (3), 270-294. California: University of California Press.

Kimenyi, J. (2002). The Political Economic Government Responsibilities: Theory and Evidence Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol 117(4).

M’Imanyara, A. M. (1992). The Restatement of Bantu origin and Meru History. Nairobi: Longman Kenya.

Mbaku, J. M., & Saxena, S. C. (Eds.). (2004). Africa at the crossroads: Between regionalism and globalization. Pretoria: Praeger Publishers.

Muchui, D. (2013). NjuriNcheketo set up a multimillion culture center. September 13. Available on:

Mutembei, P. (2014). Cabinet Secretary Charity Ngilu urges Meru residents to avoid court during land disputes. November 30. Available on: the counties

Mwenda, A. (Ed). (2015). Devolution in Kenya, prospect, challenges, and future.Nairobi IEA Kenya. Research Paper No 24.

Oloka-Onyango, J. (2010). Movement-related rights in the context of internal displacement. Study Transnat'l Legal Poly, 41, 9.

Preston, P. W. (1997). Political/cultural identity: Citizens and nations in a global era. Woodrow: Centre Press.

Rimita, D. (1988). The NjuriNcheke of Meru.Meru: Kolbe Press.

Temple, O. E. (2012). Metaphysical challenges of ethical leadership in Africa.Leadership.

Tonnies, F. (1957). Community and Society. Michigan: University Press.

Wambui, C. (2015). Kenya: Meru elders want more trees in 2015. January 2015. Available on: star

Wiredu, K.(1995). Conceptual Decolonization in African Philosophy. Ibadan, Nigeria: Hc Publishers.

Wunsch, J. S. (2001). Decentralization, local governance, and “decentralization” in Africa.Public Administration and Development.

Zurcher, C. (2013). Rebel Rulers: Insurgent governance and civilian life during the war. African Affairs.
How to Cite
Igweta, P., Magesa , L., & Samita, Z. W. (2022). INDIGENOUS GOVERNANCE. African Journal of Emerging Issues, 4(9), 85 - 96. Retrieved from

Most read articles by the same author(s)