GREEN PROCUREMENT MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND SUSTAINABILITY OF SUPPLY CHAIN PROCESS IN INTERNATIONAL NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS: A CASE STUDY MEDICINS DU MONDE IRAQ PROGRAM
Purpose: Green supply chain management practice is a multi-dimension concept that is measured from different aspects. Green logistics, green manufacturing and green distribution are an important dimension of green supply chain management practices required by organizations to attain sustainability of supply chain processes. These practices ought to embrace internal environmental management, green information system, inventory recovery, and eco-design and customer cooperation. The main study objective was to determine green procurement management practices and sustainability of supply chain process in international non-governmental organizations a case study Medicins Du Monde Iraq Program with specific objectives being; to determine how supplier assessment affects the sustainability of supply chain processes and to establish how reverse logistics affect the sustainability of supply chain processes. The study main anchor theory is Sustainability Theory and reinforced by Institutional Theory.
Methodology: The research design adopted a descriptive research design. The study target populations were 450 employees at Medicins Du Monde Iraq Program and a sample size of 90 respondents was selected using stratified sampling. Questionnaires were used as the main data collection instruments that were pilot tested. The data were analyzed using SPSS software and descriptive statistics which included mean, percentages and standard deviation. The study adopted a correlation analysis (ANOVA). The data were presented using tables. Data were first coded and organized into concepts from which generalization was made of the entire population. The study established that supplier assessment and reverse logistics have a great influence on the green procurement management practices and sustainability of the supply chain process. The overall model was significant and implies that reverse logistics is significant in decisions for the green procurement management practices and sustainability of the supply chain process, and reverse logistics practices are capable of reducing customers' risk when purchasing a product and increase the customer value.
Conclusion: The study concluded that supplier assessment is significant in shaping the decisions for green procurement management practices and the sustainability of the supply chain process.
Recommendations: The recommendations are that the management at Medicins Du Monde Iraq Program should know that a strong supply chain is the backbone of a successful business. The management should closely work with suppliers, and reinforce their relationship with them, and the procurement department should regularly evaluate suppliers for efficiencies and growth.
Blomea, C., Hollos, D., & Pauraj, A. (2013). GP and green supplier development: antecedents and effects on supplier performance. . International Journal of Production Research, vol 52(1), 32-49.
Brammer, S., & Walker, T. (2011). Sustainable procurement in the public sector: an international comparative study. International Journal of Operations and Production Management vol. 31(4), 452 – 476.
Braton, T., & Ahlstrom, S. (2015). Institutional Theory examination. Geneva: Free Press.
Cooper, D., & Schindler, P. S. (2016). Business research methods. New Delhi: McGraw Hill.
Doctors of the World. (2019). Where We Work. Doctors of the World.
Fahimnia, B., Sarkis, J., & Davarzani, H. (2015). Green supply chain management: A review and bibliometric analysis. International Journal of Production Economics vol 162, 101-114.
Gimenez, C., & Tachizawa, E. M. (2012). Extending sustainability to suppliers: a systematic literature review. Supply Chain Management International Journal vol 17, 531–543.
Green, J. K., Zelbst, P. J., Meacham, J., & Bhadauria, V. S. (2012). Green supply chain management practices: impact on performance. . Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, vol 17(3), 290-305.
Harrington, L. M. (2016). Sustainability theory and conceptual considerations: a review of key ideas for sustainability, and the rural context. Papers in Applied Geography vol. 2(4), 365-382.
John, R. (2009). Squaring the circle? Some thoughts on the idea of sustainable development. Ecological Economics vol. 48, 369–384.
Kombo, D. K., & Tromp, D. L. (2009). Project and Thesis Writing: An introduction. Nairobi: Pauline Publications Africa.
Kothari, C. R. (2014). Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques. New Delhi: Willy Eastern.
Landale, K., Rendon, R., & Hawkins, T. (2017). Examining the effects of the source selection method on procurement outcomes. Journal of Defense Analytics and Logistics, Vol. 1(1), 47-68.
Laosirihongthong, T., Adebanjo, D., & Tan, K. .. (2013). Green supply chain management practices and performance. . Industrial Management & Data Systems vol 113(8), 1088-1109.
Lee, H. L. (2012). Material management in decentralized supply chains. Journal of Operations Research, vol. 41 (5), 835 847.
Morgan, T., Tokman, M., Richey, R., & Defee, C. (2018). Resource commitment and sustainability: a reverse logistics performance process model. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, Vol. 48 (2), 164-182.
Nasiche, F., & Ngugi, G. .. (2014). Determinants of adoption of green procurement in the public sector: a case study of Kenya Pipeline Company. . International Journal of Social Sciences and Entrepreneurship, vol. 1 (11), 351-372.
Nderitu, K. M., & Ngugi, K. (2014). Effects of Green Procurement Practices On An Organization Performance In Manufacturing Industry: Case Study Of East African Breweries Limited. European Journal of Business Management, Vol 2 (1), 341-352.
Orodho, H. O. (2009). Elements of Education and Social Science Research Methods. Nairobi: Masola Publishers.
Paula, I., Campos, E., & Pagani, R. (2019). Are collaboration and trust sources for innovation in reverse logistics? Insights from a systematic literature review. Supply Chain Management, Vol. 25 No. 2, pp. 176-222.
Salam, M., & Khan, S. (2018). Achieving supply chain excellence through supplier management. Benchmarking: An International Journal, Vol. 25 (9), 4084-4102.
Saunders, M., Lewis, P., & Thornhill, A. (2016). Research Methods for business students. London: Financial Times.
Sekaran, U. (2009). Research Methods for Business: A Skill Building Approach. London: John Wiley & Sons.
Weeratunge, R. D., & Herath, R. (2017). The Dimensions of Green Supply Chain Management Practices. In Proceedings of the 3rd World Conference on Supply Chain Management (Vol. 2, pp. 123-132).
World Commission on Environment and Development. (2005). Our common future. Oxford University Press: New York.
Yildiz, S., & Sezen, B. (2019). Effects of green supply chain management practices on sustainability performance. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, Vol. 30 (1), 98-121.