• Sr. Caroline Mueni Mwangangi The Catholic University of Eastern Africa
  • Dr. Kinikonda Okemasisi Tangaza University College
  • Dr. Tom Odhiambo University of Nairobi


The aim of this study was to determine whether provision of school resources by principals has influence on learners’ retention in public secondary schools in Malindi Sub-County. This study adopted Beatty Guenter’s 1994 Theory of Students Retention. It adopted a mixed research method, specifically a convergent parallel mixed method design to collect both qualitative and quantitative data where both cross-sectional survey and the phenomenology design were used. The researcher targeted one Sub-County Director of Education, 29 principals, 453 teachers and 3760 students of public secondary schools in Malindi Sub-County. The sample size was 531 participants. The probability sampling techniques used were stratified and simple random sampling to select 136 teachers and 376 students of public secondary schools while the non-probability technique used were purposive sampling technique to select Sub-County Director of Education and 9 principals. Data was collected through questionnaire and in-depth interview guides. The instruments were subjected to both face and content validity. Cronbach Alpha determined the reliability of Quantitative data. Qualitative and quantitative data was concurrently collected and analyzed. Quantitative data collected was analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 24 that generated descriptive statistics such as frequencies and percentages that summarized data and presented. Qualitative data was organized into themes and presented using narratives and direct quotes. Ethical principles were considered in the whole research process. The findings reveled that provision of school resources by principals has influence on learners’ retention in public secondary schools in Malindi Sub-County. It was further established that principals have been struggling to provide resources in public secondary schools which has affected the retention of learners in most schools. The study therefore recommended that stake holders such the government, principals, teachers and parents work together to provide resources such as books and uniforms in order to improve the retention of learners in public secondary schools in Malindi Sub-County.

Keywords: Determining, provision, School, resources, principals, influence, learners, retention.

Author Biographies

Sr. Caroline Mueni Mwangangi, The Catholic University of Eastern Africa

Master’s Student, Tangaza University College

Dr. Kinikonda Okemasisi , Tangaza University College

Lecturer and M.Ed. Program Leader, School of Education

Dr. Tom Odhiambo , University of Nairobi

Senior Lecturer, Department of Literature


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